New GIZ publication: The UPOV Convention, Farmers’ Rights and Human Rights - An integrated assessment of potentially conflicting legal frameworks

by GIZ

This study commissioned by the German government explores the relations between the Inter­national Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV Convention), Farmers’ Rights as enshrined in the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA), and human rights, particularly the right to adequate food. The study recommends inter alia that developing countries that have not yet joined UPOV should consider opting for an alternative sui generis system of PVP that allows for more flexibility to meet the obligations of different treaties.

The Study can be downloaded at